Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration also known as age related macular degeneration is the leading cause of legal blindness & severe vision loss in Australia, responsible for 50% of all causes of blindness.

Macular degeneration is the degenerative retinal eye disease that causes progressive loss of central vision, leaving the side vision or peripheral vision intact. It affects the ability to read, drive, recognise faces and perform activities that require detailed vision.

Macular degeneration is usually related for ageing and most frequently affects people over the age of 50. There are 2 types. The Dry form results in a gradual loss of central vision. The Wet form is characterised by a sudden loss of vision and is caused by abnormal blood vessels growing under the retina. Immediate medical treatment is essential if symptoms occur.

Risk Factors:

  • Age – the risk significantly increases with age
  • Family History – there is a 50% risk if a direct family history is present
  • Smoking – 3 to 4 times the risk if you smoke
  • Hypertension


Treatment options are dependent on the stage and type of the disease.

Early detection of any form of Macular degeneration is crucial to save sight.

Difficulty with vision should not be dismissed as just a part of getting older. A Full comprehensive eye exam, including an OCT scan of the Macula is available. The Right Sight Optometrist is available to co-manage with your specialist to ensure your Macula is being carefully monitored & to help minimise the impact on your lifestyle.